ABIDE and ABIDE BY. To abide something usually means to endure it, to tolerate it. “Can you abide such hot weather?” It can also mean to await it.A columnist thinks that the press has treated a certain local politician too kindly. The politician “has succeeded in making himself the personification of the city.” An attack on him therefore becomes an attack on the city “and no one can abide by that.” It should be “and no one can abide that.” Omit “by.”To abide by something is to comply with it, conform to it. “I abide by the law.” / “I’m a law-abiding citizen.” The past tense and past participle of abide is abode or abided.

Advertisements